Displaying items by tag: Bridgeport
After our last post about the Summerill Tubing Company, one of our volunteers gave us some extra insight into this company's history. As most of you likely know, Charles Lindbergh was the first person to fly a non-stop flight across the Atlantic Ocean. An article about his accomplishment was on the front page of the Times Herald on May 23, 1927.
Times Herald May 23, 1927
However, what you may not have known is Summerill Tubing Company made parts used in Lindbergh's plane, the Spirit of St. Louis. An article about the company appears in the same paper right next to the Lindbergh article.
Times Herald, May 23, 1927
The company made the complete framework of the undercarriage chassis as well as the tail skid. The article explains the tubing was shipped to Ryan Airlines of San Diego, California from the Bridgeport Summerill Tubing Company prior to Lindbergh's flight. Once assembled, the plane was flown from San Diego to New York. It would then go on to fly across the Atlantic Ocean.
Every now and then someone asks us "Did you know this happened in Montgomery County?" You really never know what you will come across in your research. In this case, we learned that a Bridgeport company was once evaluated for a potential clean up project after fears of potential uranium exposure, according to the Wall Street Journal.
According to the short excerpt found online, the Wall Street Journal cited the Summerville Tube Company was conducting metal fabrication research and development on uranium metal in the early 1940s. They cited their source as the Department of Energy, which initially considered cleaning up the site under the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. It appears no clean up was done since exposure was considered minimum.
While looking for more information I found there were documents about "Summerville" and "Summerill" Tubing Company. Both were located in Bridgeport apparently. Are they the same company? For now, my guess is yes. It turns out we actually have some magazines from Summerill in our Archives! They are all from the early 1940s and are advertising the company's manufacturing during World War II.
This company, as can be guessed by the name, produced steel tubing when they were located in Bridgeport in the early 1900s. You can see an advertisement below from Aviation, Volume 23.
According to Montgomery County the Second Hundred Years book in our library, Summerill Tubing Company was founded in 1899 in Philadelphia. They bought the Protectus Paint Company in Bridgeport in 1910. They eventually moved to Pittsburgh in 1946.
It appears the same company might still operate, but is now in Scottdale, PA under the name Summerill High Precision Tube. If it's the same company, they claim to have been in business for over 100 years!
Aviation, Volume 23. https://books.google.com/books?id=8jRSAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA1188&lpg=PA1188&dq=summerill+tubing+company+bridgeport+pa&source=bl&ots=vdqRxM7OvS&sig=ACfU3U1VA0Jno0uyMvawX1Plu-4Uygf05g&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjim9WGuq-AAxW8EVkFHQ5WCeU4FBDoAXoECAMQAw#v=onepage&q&f=false
Decisions and Orders of the National Labor Relations Board, Volume 60. https://books.google.com/books?id=2EE-AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA896&lpg=PA896&dq=summerill+tubing+company+bridgeport+pa&source=bl&ots=uGj46BngMt&sig=ACfU3U35XuHkQqqPYnjziV41s-v8-YWgng&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiYrofyua-AAxXCEFkFHRD6AAE4ChDoAXoECAIQAw#v=onepage&q=summerill%20tubing%20company%20bridgeport%20pa&f=false
Summerill High Precision Tube. https://www.summerilltube.com/
The Wall Street Journal. https://www.wsj.com/graphics/waste-lands/site/444-summerville-tube-co/
At 3:40 pm on April 14, 1924, flames appeared near the middle of the DeKalb Street Bridge. In ten minutes the entire length of the bridge was alight. Although fire companies from both Norristown and Bridgeport responded quickly to the alarm, there was nothing they could do to save the bridge. At 4:05, the first span fell and more soon followed.
Originally built in 1830 by a joint stock company, the bridge was taken over by the county in 1884 and made a free bridge.
This photograph of the destroyed bridge is from a collection recently donated by Luther Kolarik.
Besides cutting off traffic between Norristown and Bridgeport, phone service between the two boroughs was also suspended for two days.
Authorities originally believed the fire was arson because it spread so rapidly and burned so fiercely. But decades of oil and gasoline dripping from passing vehicles had soaked into the wood. Once the fire started it was impossible to stop and the fire companies focused on keeping the fire from spreading.
A temporary bridge was opened a few months later. Shown here in a photograph from Kolarik collection and below that is the blueprint for the same bridge.
This drawing of a proposed concrete bridge appeared in the Times Herald just a day after the fire. People had been calling for the old wooden bridge to be replaced for sometime. In 1923, a pedestrian had been killed on the bridge, which led to increased concern that the birdge was outdated.
But, it was a few years before the new bridge reopened. These blueprints from our collection are dated 1926.
Recently, the Historical Society of Montgomery County received a great postcard showing a P&W train crossing the Bridgeport Viaduct over the Schuylkill.
The Philadelphia and Western Railroad was a commuter railroad started in 1902 (as the Philadelphia and Western Railway). It was originally planned to connect to the Western Maryland Railroad at York, but those plans fell through. Trains began running in 1907, and the Norristown line opened in 1912.
The trestle bridge of the P&W was a landmark in Norristown for many years. Sometimes called the “clock bridge,” it was an easy to find place to meet up with people. However, the decline of railroads and trolleys, in the wake of the post-war car boom, led to buses replacing Norristown’s trolleys in 1951. The bridge over Main Street was torn down in 1955.
The bridge in the postcard is still in use, however. In 1954, the company was sold to the Philadelphia Suburban Transportation Company, and it became known as the Red Arrow Line. Eventually, it became part of SEPTA’s Norristown High Speed Line.
Recently, the Historical Society of Montgomery County received a very interesting donation: 6 ledgers from O’Brien Funeral Home in Bridgeport. The ledgers show a little of the evolution of funeral rites.
The earliest ledger begins in 1899. We see the cost of the hearse, the burial permit, and the cost of the service. Occasionally, we also see the cause the death, as in this entry.
As we move into the 20th century, the funeral business becomes more regulated, and the ledgers become forms filled in for each deceased person. They list place of birth, parents’ names, and cause of death, among other things (though not all the fields are always filled in). For our genealogy interested patrons, these records could be very valuable.
The other half of the form shows the costs of the funeral. You can see that there were many more options, including pall bearers, tent rentals, “aeroplane service,” and telegram charges.
This listing includes “advertising.” That might include placing a funeral notice, or it might mean the invitations that were common for funerals in the past.
I researched funeral customsin our library to find out more. Edward Hocker (as “Norris”) wrote two articles on funerals in Montgomery County. In the past, funerals were famous for their feasting and heavy drinking. Needless to say, they were also well attended. He reports on a Pottstown woman who had, by 1909, attended 3,094 funerals. She was 80 years old and had kept a record of each funeral.
He also wrote of the funeral hostlers, usually teenage boys who watched the horses of those attending the service. They were never paid or tipped for their work but were well-fed, and I guess it beat farm chores.
Lately, I’ve been working on the oversize items in our collection. The lonely oversize shelves at the back of the closed stacks contain a variety of unwieldy items – framed deeds, panoramic photographs, diplomas, and posters. There are also some oversize publications, like the one I found a couple of weeks ago.
“Norristown, Pennsylvania – Largest Borough in the World” is a curious document. On the one hand, it seems to be a reflection of “boosterism,” a phenomenon of late 19th and early 20th century America. In towns and cities across the country chambers of commerce and other civic groups promoted their community with the sort of “rah-rah” enthusiasm usually restricted to the high school football field.
We have several such publications, each touting Norristown’s location, people, and institutions. This one seems particularly aimed at business leaders. It has lots of pictures of Norristown’s businesses, as well as the mansions their owners lived in. There are special sections on Ursinus College and Bridgeport, as well as a detour to Jersey Shore (I suppose to show off possible summer homes).
There are lots of great pictures that show what Norristown looked like just over a century ago.
The real mystery behind this item is who produced it? On an inside page we see what looks like a periodical title, “Buyers and traveler's report” along with a date, 1910. But I can’t find any record of a magazine by that name. The Norristown Chamber of Commerce is prominently featured, so my guess is that they are the creators and publishers of the item.
As for the title, is Norristown the world’s largest borough? I’ve seen this claim in several places, sometimes modified to “the world’s largest independent borough.” A listing of boroughs by population isn’t readily available, and the term means different things in different countries and even within the US (an Alaskan borough is analogous to a county). We can say that Norristown is a grand borough indeed.
I found this interesting little booklet in an old box labeled “Business and Industry.” It’s an employee magazine for the Diamond State Fibre Co., a paper fiber manufacturer in Bridgeport.
But hang on, both of you reading this are thinking, Delaware is the Diamond State! Yes, it is. The company was based in Elsemere, Delaware.
The magazine is unnamed. The back cover advertises a contest with a $5 prize to name it. The inside is filled with information on the Christmas savings fund, humor, children’s pages, and employee updates. There are pictures of some of the equipment at the plant and this one of “The Big Five.”
The company's 12 team bowling league gets a few pages of coverage.
There is only a little bit on what the company actually made. One article explains that the company’s Condensite Celeron was used as insulation for wireless communication. The company installed its own wireless set at the Bridgeport plant. It explains “Our receiving range should be from one quarter to one third the distance around the world.”
This was 1922, and commercial radio was in its infancy. The first station had been licensed only two years earlier in Pittsburgh. The novelty of the radio is clear in the article which says, “A number of powerful radiophone experimental stations are equipped to transmit music by radio and some stations do so on a regular weekly schedule, so that hundreds of receiving stations within their radius can tune their instrument to that wave and listen in to the music.
In 1929, the company merged with the Continental Fibre Company, becoming the Continental-Diamond Fibre Company. I was unable to find when it shut down, but the Bridgeport plant was in business into the 1950’s.
Cleaning my desk, I found an interesting pamphlet promoting an idea for a world celebration of Thanksgiving. The concept was thought up by Theodore Heysham, who was a prominent Baptist minister in the Norristown area.
He was born in Plymouth Township, near Cold Point, but his family moved to Norristown while he was still very young. He attended the Sandy Street and Oak Street schools until his health forced him to spend a few years in the country as an adolescent. At the age of 22 he joined the Lower Providence Baptist Church, and there he discerned a calling to become a minister. He attended Bucknell for two years, then went to the University of Pennsylvania in his junior year. That same year (1894) he represented Penn at the first intercollege debate with Cornell, a debate won by Penn.
He later attended Crozer Theological Seminary in Upland (the school’s most famous student is Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.) and studied philosophy at Penn. Eventually he became minister at the First Baptist Church of Bridgeport. According to his obituary in the Times-Herald, during his time at this church, Heysham organized a citizens’ committee to stop the “Shirt-Waist Gang” of Bridgeport (I couldn’t find anything on this gang, but when I do, I’ll be sure to post it to the blog).
Heysham was troubled by poor health throughout his life and he left Bridgeport for Southern California for his health. When he recovered, he briefly took a position at a large Baptist church in Minneapolis, but his health soon forced him west again. This time he went to San Francisco, and he was there for the 1906 earthquake. He went back to the east coast and made many speeches describing his experiences to raise money for the relief of the city. Eventually, he returned to Bridgeport and once again led the congregation at the First Baptist Church.
It was during his second ministry there, that Heysham organized the Norristown centennial celebration. The only picture I could find of Heysham is from that event. I presume he didn’t dress like that all the time.
In 1914, he accepted a position at the church where he had first heard the call to preach the Gospel, Lower Providence Baptist Church. He remained there until he retired from active ministry in 1923. He continued writing, however, promoting the unity of all Christians.
I imagine that’s when he began his movement for a world-wide day of thanksgiving. The pamphlet on my desk lists many ministers and political leaders, included Governor Sproul of Pennsylvania. Heysham passed away from a sudden attack of pneumonia in 1935.